Liquidation of companies according to the Saudi system

Company Liquidation Process Under Saudi Law

Company liquidation is a legal process that occurs when a company decides or is forced to terminate its operations. In this article, we will detail the relevant legal texts from the Saudi Companies Law to understand this process more deeply.

What Does Company Liquidation Mean?

Company liquidation means dissolving the company and terminating its legal existence by settling its financial obligations. This process includes paying debts to creditors and distributing any remaining assets to shareholders or partners.

Article 217 of the Companies Law

Article 217 of the Companies Law outlines the preliminary procedures for company liquidation. The company must submit a liquidation plan detailing how debts will be settled and assets distributed.

Paragraph Description
1 Submission of a liquidation plan
2 Approval of the liquidation plan by regulatory bodies

Article 218 of the Law

Article 218 focuses on priorities during the liquidation process, such as arranging debt payments.

Paragraph Description
1 Arranging debts according to their priorities
2 Ensuring creditors’ rights

Article 220 of the Law

Article 220 addresses the final procedures for completing company liquidation, including the distribution of final assets.

Paragraph Description
1 Distribution of remaining assets
2 Final closure of the company

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Reasons for Company Liquidation

The reasons for company liquidation vary between general reasons, such as the expiration of the specified duration, and specific reasons, which may arise from exceptional circumstances specified by the system. In this section, we review the main reasons behind this legal process.

General Reasons for the Expiration of the Company’s Specified Duration

One of the most common reasons for company liquidation is the expiration of the duration specified in the contract or the company’s bylaws. When a company reaches the end of the agreed-upon term, it must undergo a liquidation process unless the partners decide to renew the company or amend its duration.

Factor Impact
Expiration of term Mandates company liquidation or renewal
Shareholders’ decision Shareholders may choose to renew or liquidate the company

Specific Reasons for Company Liquidation by the System

In addition to general reasons, there are specific reasons that lead to company liquidation. These may include failure to achieve the company’s fundamental objectives or insolvency and inability to pay debts.

Reason Explanation
Failure to achieve fundamental objectives Partners may decide to liquidate the company if it can no longer achieve its goals
Insolvency If the company cannot pay its debts, the law imposes liquidation to protect creditors

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How is the Company Liquidation Process Conducted?

The company liquidation process can occur for several reasons and follows specific legal procedures. Here, we will discuss how certain circumstances such as the death of a partner, bankruptcy, withdrawal, or changes in company management affect the liquidation process.

Death of a Partner

The death of a partner can lead to company liquidation, especially if the company’s foundational contract stipulates so. In some systems, the deceased partner’s heirs may choose to continue in the company or request its liquidation.

Bankruptcy of a Partner or Their Insolvency

A partner’s bankruptcy or insolvency affects the company’s financial capacity and can spur the liquidation process. This situation requires a careful assessment of assets and liabilities and may end with the dissolution of the company if it cannot meet its obligations.

Partner Withdrawal

A partner’s withdrawal from the company can also lead to liquidation, especially if the withdrawal disrupts business operations or affects the financial stability of the company.

Dismissal or Resignation of the Statutory Manager

Changes in management, such as the dismissal or resignation of the statutory manager, may necessitate a reassessment of goals and strategies, and in some cases, may lead to company liquidation if shareholders deem it in the company’s best interest.

What are the Procedures for Company Liquidation?

The company liquidation process follows specific legal procedures that vary depending on whether the company has ceased operations or is still active. We will review the required procedures in both cases.

Liquidation of a Company that Has Ceased Operations

When a company ceases operations, the procedure begins as follows:

  • Notifying Creditors: Creditors must be notified of the company’s cessation and the commencement of the liquidation process.
  • Reviewing Assets and Liabilities: A thorough assessment of available assets and outstanding debts.
  • Settling Debts: Paying off debts to creditors according to legally defined repayment priorities.
  • Distributing Remaining Assets: After debts are paid, the remaining assets are distributed among the partners or shareholders.

Liquidation of Companies Still in Operation

If the company is still conducting business activities during the liquidation process, the procedures are as follows:

  • Continuity of Operations: The company continues to execute ongoing contracts and complete existing business.
  • Liquidation Management: A liquidator is appointed to manage the process and oversee the operations during the liquidation period.
  • Debt Collection: Collecting receivables from clients and any other debts owed to the company.
  • Settlement and Distribution: After collecting debts, settling liabilities, and distributing the remaining assets among the partners or shareholders.

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What are the Responsibilities of a Liquidator?

The liquidator plays a crucial role in the company liquidation process, taking on multiple responsibilities that ensure the legal and effective execution of the liquidation.

Company Liquidation System

The company liquidation system defines the legal framework that the liquidator must follow. This includes collecting assets, paying off debts, and distributing the remaining assets to shareholders or partners according to legal priority.

Types of Company Liquidation in Saudi Arabia

In Saudi Arabia, there are two main types of company liquidation that are implemented according to specific circumstances:

Voluntary Liquidation of a Company

Voluntary liquidation occurs when partners or shareholders decide voluntarily to dissolve the company. This could be due to business strategies such as restructuring, or a mutual agreement that the company has achieved its goals or that the goals can no longer be achieved.

Compulsory Liquidation of a Company

Compulsory liquidation occurs under a court order, often due to insolvency or the company’s inability to meet its financial obligations. In this case, a judge or judicial entity is tasked with appointing a liquidator to manage the liquidation process and ensure the fair distribution of assets.

Steps for Company Liquidation

The company liquidation process requires specific steps to ensure compliance with Saudi laws and regulations. We will review the basic steps and distinguish between dissolving a company and liquidating it.

Expiration of Companies in the Saudi System

A company can expire in several ways according to the Saudi system, including the expiration of the term specified in the company’s founding contract, a decision by the partners, or by court order. The basic steps for liquidation include:

  • Announcement of Expiration: The expiration of the company must be publicly announced and official bodies notified.
  • Appointment of a Liquidator: One or more liquidators are chosen to manage the liquidation process.
  • Asset and Debt Assessment: Inventory of assets and assessment of outstanding debts.
  • Debt Repayment: Debts are paid to creditors based on defined priorities.
  • Distribution of Remaining Assets: Remaining assets are distributed to partners or shareholders.

Difference Between Dissolving and Liquidating a Company

  • Dissolution of a Company: Dissolution is the decision or process that legally terminates the existence of a company. It can be voluntary or compulsory based on legal and business circumstances.
  • Liquidation of a Company: Liquidation is the process that follows the dissolution of a company, involving the settlement of debts and distribution of assets. Company liquidation ensures that the company’s assets are distributed after debts and other obligations have been paid.

Company Liquidation Lawyer in Riyadh: Eyad Reda Law Firm

When companies in Riyadh face liquidation, it is important to rely on trusted and specialized legal expertise. Eyad Reda Law Firm is a prominent choice in this field, offering comprehensive legal services for efficient and effective company liquidation.

Experience of Eyad Reda Law Firm

Eyad Reda Law Firm boasts a track record of multiple successes in the field of company liquidation, making it a preferred choice for many companies seeking to terminate their operations legally and orderly. The firm’s service scope includes:

  • Comprehensive Assessment of Legal and Financial Situation: The firm conducts accurate assessments of the legal and financial status of companies, ensuring a complete understanding of all aspects affecting the liquidation process.
  • Preparation and Execution of Liquidation Plans: The firm specializes in designing liquidation plans that meet the specific needs of each company, focusing on protecting the interests of partners and shareholders.
  • Negotiation with Creditors and Debtors: Eyad Reda Law Firm negotiates on behalf of the company to ensure debts are settled on the best possible terms.
  • Legal Support Throughout the Liquidation Process: The firm provides the necessary legal support to address any legal challenges that may arise during the liquidation process.

Thanks to its expertise and dedication to providing high-quality legal services, Eyad Reda Law Firm is the optimal choice for companies in Riyadh that require liquidation.